The following describes important changes that have been made to the undercarriage system on G-HALC. It is important that you are familiar with the new mode of operation.
(Information supplied by A. Johnson)
What was wrong with it ? Why wasn't it repaired ?
A. The gear refused to raise on climb out for a few worrying minutes
at any speed. Maintenance test flew HALC and found the emergency extend
system was not working either. Piper discourage repair of this system
and actively recommend replacement with an approved retrofit kit, which
is what we have done.
A. There is now no minimum speed limit to raising the gear. The gear
will come up and tuck away, however, the gear unsafe and the gear in transit
lights will remain lit and the horn will sound until you clean up the
flaps. It will be a bit disconcerting at first, but hopefully you will
get used to it.
A. There is a micro-switch wired into the flap selector. If flaps 10 or more is selected and the gear is up, the horn will sound, and both the gear in transit light and the gear unsafe red light will illuminate. This is supposed to be a unsubtle reminder to lower the gear.
The Aircraft WILL NOT AUTOMATICALLY LOWER THE GEAR IF YOU FORGET!
A. Driven by a secondary pitot, it stopped the user from retracting the gear below approx. 85 mph on the climbout and automatically lowered the gear and sounded the horn if the airspeed decayed below approx. 105mph.
There was also an alarm on the throttle quadrant, it made a noise if power is reduced to near idle with the gear up but did nothing else.
The bypass lever in the centre console near the flap lever originally
had a dual purpose. In its central position, it had no effect on operation
of the landing gear. If raised and locked by its slide cross pin it bypassed
the pitot landing gear extend/retract system. Useful for those slow climbouts
when you really want the gear to retract to clean up .. at around 80-85mph.
It could also be used to drop the gear in a emergency, if the normal gear
down lever did not produce the desired effect.
The slide across pin has been replaced with a bolt, as the bypass function is redundant. You can still lower the gear in an emergency, but you need to understand how the gear system works to be able to use it correctly
The undercarriage system on our Arrow is hydraulically operated. On command
to retract, a hydraulic pump starts to pressurise the system, the wheels
come up, and when they hit their stops pressure builds towards the cut
out setting on the hydraulic circuit. Once sufficient, the switch operates
and cuts the motor off. Thus the gear is held up by hydraulic pressure
only. The lower gear command releases the hydraulic pressure and disables
the pump. The gear falls assisted by gravity and springs.
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